We tested the effects of surfactant protein A (SP-A) on inflammation and surfactant function in ventilated preterm lungs. Preterm lambs of 131 d gestation were ventilated for 15 min to initiate a mild inflammatory response, and were then treated with 100 mg/ kg recombinant human SP-C surfactant or with the same surfactant supplemented with 3 mg/kg ovine SP-A. Addition of SP-A to the SP-C surfactant did not change lung function. After 6 h of ventilation, cell numbers in the alveolar wash were 4.9 times higher in SP-A + SP-C-surfactant-treated animals. Cellular infiltrates consisted of neutrophils that produced less hydrogen peroxide than did cells from SP-C-surfactant-treated animals. Expression of adhesion molecules CD11b and CD44 was significantly greater after SP-A treatment, whereas the expression of CD14 was unchanged. Messenger RNAs (mRNAs) for the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, and IL-8, but not tumor necrosis factor-alpha, were increased in SP-A-treated lungs. Surfactant protein mRNAs and protein leakage into alveolar washes were not altered by SP-A, indicating that SP-A treatment produces no evidence of lung injury. The present study identifies an unanticipated role of SP-A in neutrophil recruitment in the lungs of preterm lambs.
Kramer, BW, et al
American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine 2001